Athens Journal of
Mediterranean Studies
Editorial and Reviewers’ Board

Editors
Dr. Gregory T. Papanikos, President, ATINER.
Dr. Yannis Stivachtis, Director, Social Sciences Research Division, Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER) & Director, International Studies Program Virginia Tech-Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, USA.
Editorial & Reviewers' Board
• Dr. Bettina Koch, Head, Politics & International Affairs Research Unit, ATINER & Associate Professor of Political Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, USA.
• Dr. Albert W. Harris, Professor Emeritus, Department of Politics, Humboldt State University, USA.
• Dr. Emmanuel Sivan, Professor Emeritus of History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
• Dr. Daniel Kent Neil Johnson, Associate Chair of the Department, Professor of Economics, Editor-in-Chief of Lightning Abstracts, Colorado College Department of Economics and Business, USA.
• Dr. Arthur Chen, Academic Member, ATINER & Director, Center for World Heritage Studies, School of Architecture, University of Minnesota, USA.
• Dr. Richard Wittorski, Director, ESPE Academy, University of Rouen, France.
• Dr. Gustavo Araujo Batista, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, University of Uberaba (UNIUBE) & Social Sciences College, Brazil.
• Dr. Dilek Barlas, Professor, Koç University, Turkey.
• Dr. Fadel Djamel, Professor, University of Souk Ahras Mohamed Cherif Messaadia, Algeria.
• Dr. Alka Obadic, Academic Member, ATINER & Full Professor, Department of Macroeconomics and Economic Development, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
• Dr. Maria Urma, Professor, University of Art "George Enescu", Romania.
• Dr. Mario Esteban Cunsulo, Professor, National University of San Juan, Argentina.
• Dr. Montezanti Miguel Angel, Associate Professor, National University of La Plata, Argentina.
• Dr. Ulku Doganay, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Ankara University, Turkey.
• Dr. Ulas Basar Gezgin, Associate Professor in Applied Communication, Turkey, Lecturer in Business & Management, British University Vietnam (Hanoi), Vietnam.
• Dr. Anabela Gradim, Professor & Researcher, University of Beira Interior, Portugal.
• Dr. Mohinder Partap Satija, Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, Guru Nanak Dev University, India.
• Dr. Eduardo Segarra, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Department of Agricultural & Applied Economics, Texas Tech University, USA.
• Dr. Jane Bristol-Rhys, Associate Professor, College of Sustainability Sciences and Humanities, Zayed University, United Arab Emirates.
• Dr. Essam Gouda, Associate Professor, AlAzhar University, Egypt.
• Dr. Andrej Grubacic, Associate Professor, California Institute of Integral Studies, USA.
• Dr. Nathalie Homlong, Associate Professor, University College Volda, Norway.
• Dr. Hiteshkumar Parmar, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, P. D. Malaviya College of Commerce, India.
• Dr. Donizete Rodrigues, Associate Professor, University of Beira Interior, Portugal.
• Dr. Tatiana Smetanina, Associate Professor, Institute of Economics and Management, Udmurt State University, Russia.
• Dr. Anna Svirina, Associate Professor & Head, Economics and Management Department, Kazan National Research Technical University, Russia.
• Dr. Iman A. Hamdy Editor, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Political Science Department, The American University in Cairo, Egypt.
• Dr. Hakim Ajhar, Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khalifa University, United Arab Emirates.
• Dr. Zeynep Akture, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Izmir Institute of Technology, Turkey.
• Dr. Aijaz Ashraf Wani, Senior Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Kashmir, India.
• Dr. Methiye Gul Coteli, Assistant Professor, Department of City and Regional Planning, Erciyes University, Turkey.
• Dr. Fatma Gürses, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Faculty of Communication, Journalism Kastamonu University, Turkey.
• Dr. Jülide Karakoç, Assistant Professor, Gedik University, Turkey.
• Dr. Levent Kirval, Assistant Professor, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey.
• Dr. Ajeet Jaiswal, Assistant Professor, Pondicherry University, India.
• Dr. Sara Petroccia, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, eCAMPUS University, Italy.
• Dr. Irena Rajchinovska Pandeva, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University Ss. Cyril and Methodius, FYROM.
• Dr. Ilkay Sudas, Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Ege University, Turkey.
• Dr. Josipa Visic, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics, University of Split, Croatia.
• Dr. Jonathan Needham, Senior Lecturer, Penn State University-Abington College, USA.
• Dr. Deborah Sweeney, Senior Lecturer, Tel Aviv University, Israel.
• Dr. Adina Dudau, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, University of Glasgow, U.K.
• Dr. Susan Stewart, Professor, Western Illinois University, USA.
• Dr. Dragos C. Mateescu, Lecturer, Faculty of Business, Izmir University of Economics, Turkey.
• Dr. Ercan Kacmaz, Lecturer, Nevsehir Hacı Bektas Veli University, Turkey.
• Dr. Doaa Sayed Abdel Azim, Lecturer of English Literature, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts, Egypt.
• Dr. Eleni Tracada, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, College of Engineering and Technology, University of Derby, UK.
• Dr. Samodelkin Yakov Aleksandrovich, Lecturer, Urals State of Agrarian University, Russia.
• Dr. Nicholas Rossis, Academic Member, ATINER, Research Associate, Inter Alia & Institute of International Economic Relations, Greece & British Ministry of Defence, UK.
• Dr. Sofia Gaspar, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Lisbon University Institute, Portugal.
• Dr. Jonathan Hill, Reader in Postcolonialism and the Maghreb, King's College London, Associate Staff Member, Institute of Middle Eastern Studies, King's College London & Visiting Fellow, Middle East Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science, U.K.
• Dr. Monica Sater, Postdoctoral Researcher, Interactive Studio Uppsala, Sweden.
• Dr. Sarmishtha Bhattacharya Dutta, Guest Lecturer, University of Calcutta, India.
• Dr. Tanveer H. Naqvi, Deputy University Librarian & Adjunct Assistant Professor, Fiji National University, Fiji.
• Dr. Cristóbal Mendoza, Human Geographer, Department of Sociology, Metropolitan Autonomous University (UAM), Mexico.
• Dr. Nimai Chand Saha, Deputy Librarian, Central LibraryVisva-Bharati, India.
• Dr. Mohamed Noman Galal, Scholar/Diplomat in International Studies & Member of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs, Egypt.
• Ms. Züleyha Sara Belge, Academic Member, ATINER & Researcher, Centre for Mediterranean Urban Studies, Mersin University, Turkey.
• Mr. Ahmad Abdel-Had, PhD Candidate, Durham University, UK.
• Ms. Zinovia Foka, PhD Candidate, Institute for European Urbanism, Bauhaus University Weimar, Germany.
• Mr. Joseph P. Helou, Academic Member, ATINER & PhD Candidate, University of Exeter, UK.
• Ms. Fairouz Abdullah Megdiche, Architect & Landscaper, PhD Candidate, ISA Chott-Meriem- University of Sousse, Tunisia, & Lecturer, Design Department, College of Applied sciences- Nizwa, Oman.
• Ms. Sabnam Ghosh, PhD Student & Teaching Assistant, University of Georgia, USA.
• Ms. Sneh Lata Sharma, Senior Manager, TATA Consultancy Services, India.
Managing Editor
Ms. Afrodete Papanikou
Offices
Athens Institute for Education and Research
8 Valaoritou Street, 10671 Athens, Greece
Phone: + 30 210 3634210 Fax + 30 210 3634209
Email: info@atiner.gr