Athens Journal of
Mediterranean Studies
Editorial and Reviewers’ Board

Editors
Dr. Gregory T. Papanikos, President, ATINER (Economics).
Dr. Yannis Stivachtis, Director, Center for European & Mediterranean Affairs (CEMA) & Director, International Studies Program Virginia Tech-Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University, USA (Politics & International Affairs).
Dr. Nicholas Pappas, Vice President of Academic Membership, ATINER & Professor of History, Sam Houston University, USA (History).
Editorial & Reviewers' Board

Dr. Albert W. Harris, Professor Emeritus, Department of Politics, Humboldt State University, USA.
•Dr. Karen Pfeifer, Professor Emerita of Economics, Smith College, USA.
•Dr. Ken Roberts, Emeritus Professor, School of Sociology and Social Policy, University of Liverpool, UK.
•Dr. Emmanuel Sivan, Professor Emeritus of History, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.
•Dr. Daniel Kent Neil Johnson, Associate Chair of the Department, Professor of Economics, Editor-in-Chief of Lightning Abstracts, Colorado College Department of Economics and Business, USA.
•Dr. Arthur Chen, Academic Member, ATINER & Director, Center for World Heritage Studies, School of Architecture, University of Minnesota, USA.
•Dr. Javier González Rosas, Director of Socio economic Studies and International Migration, National Population Council, Mexico.
•Dr. Richard Wittorski, Director, ESPE Academy, University of Rouen, France.
•Dr. Aieman Ahmad Al-Omari, Professor, Hashemite University, Jordan.
•Dr. Gustavo Araujo Batista, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, University of Uberaba (UNIUBE) & Social Sciences College, Brazil.
•Dr. Dilek Barlas, Professor, Koç University, Turkey.
•Dr. Robert Beeres, Professor, Dutch Defense Academy - NLDA (NLDA), The Netherlands.
•Dr. Gabriel Henrique Burnatelli de Antonio, Professor of Sociology, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of São Paulo, Brazil.
•Dr. Isabelle Cadoret, Professor, CREM – University of Rennes 1, France.
•Dr. Fernando Carvalho, Professor, Faculty of Economics, University of Coimbra, Portugal.
•Dr. Jesus Gaston Gutierrez Cedillo, Professor, Autonomy University of Estado, Mexico.
•Dr. Soraia Gonçalves, Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave, Portugal.
•Dr. Fadel Djamel, Professor, University of Souk Ahras Mohamed Cherif Messaadia, Algeria.
•Dr. Manuel Alberto M. Ferreira, Full Professor, ISCTE - Lisbon University Institute, Portugal.
•Dr. Srecko Goic, Professor, University of Split, Croatia.
•Dr. José Guilherme Leitão Dantas, Professor, Polytechnic of Leiria. Italy.
•Dr. Andjelko Lojpur, Professor, Faculty of Economics, University of Montenegro, Montenegro.
•Dr. Sandra Manso, Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, Portugal.
•Dr. Alka Obadic, Academic Member, ATINER & Full Professor, Department of Macroeconomics and Economic Development, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
• Dr. Carlos Pateiro Rodriguez, Professor, University of A Coruña, Spain.
Dr. Isabel M. Garcia Conesa, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, Universidad Politécnica de Cartagena Spain.
•Dr. Mariana Sampayo, Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Coimbra, Portugal.
•Dr. Mehmet Sisman, Professor, Marmara University, Turkey.
•Dr. Jorge Sequeira, Full Professor, Lisbon Accounting and Business School, Portugal.
•Dr. Maria Urma, Professor, University of Art "George Enescu", Romania.
•Dr. Nuno Valério, Professor, University of Lisbon, Portugal.
•Dr. Mario Esteban Cunsulo, Professor, National University of San Juan, Argentina.
•Dr. Saratchandran Nair, Former Professor-cum-Deputy Director and former Project Director, Central Institute of Indian Languages, India
•Dr. Basel Aleideh, Associate Professor of Statistics, Kuwait University, Kuwait.
•Dr. Montezanti Miguel Angel, Associate Professor, National University of La Plata, Argentina.
•Dr. María Jesús Delgado-Rodríguez, Associate Professor, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Spain.
•Dr. Abdelkader Derbali, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Higher Institute of Management of Sousse, Tunisia.
•Dr. Ulku Doganay, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Ankara University, Turkey.
•Dr. Ulas Basar Gezgin, Associate Professor in Applied Communication, Turkey, Lecturer in Business & Management, British University Vietnam (Hanoi), Vietnam.
•Dr. Anabela Gradim, Professor & Researcher, University of Beira Interior, Portugal.
•Dr. Mohinder Partap Satija, Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, Guru Nanak Dev University, India.
•Dr. Eduardo Segarra, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Department of Agricultural & Applied Economics, Texas Tech University, USA.
Dr. Marine Mkrtchyan, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor/Lecturer, Yerevan State University, Armenia
•Dr. Jane Bristol-Rhys, Associate Professor, College of Sustainability Sciences and Humanities, Zayed University, United Arab Emirates.
•Dr. Essam Gouda, Associate Professor, AlAzhar University, Egypt.
•Dr. Andrej Grubacic, Associate Professor, California Institute of Integral Studies, USA.
•Dr. Lamia Jamel, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor in the Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management, University of Sousse, Tunisia.
•Dr. Peter Kristofik, Associate Professor, Matej Bel University, Slovakia.
•Dr. Hiteshkumar Parmar, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, P. D. Malaviya College of Commerce, India.
•Dr. José Manuel Pereira, Associate Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave, Portugal.
•Dr. Juan Jose Rienda, Associate Professor, Universidad Rey Juan Arlos, Spain.
•Dr. Donizete Rodrigues, Associate Professor, University of Beira Interior, Portugal.
•Dr. Lehte Roots, Associate Professor, Chair of The Public Law, Tallinn University of Technology, Estonia.
•Dr. Tatiana Smetanina, Associate Professor, Institute of Economics and Management, Udmurt State University, Russia.
•Dr. Anna Svirina, Associate Professor & Head, Economics and Management Department, Kazan National Research Technical University, Russia.
•Dr. Asli Tasbasi, Associate Professor of Economics, FMV Isik University, Turkey.
•Dr. Meni Abudy, Assistant Professor, Bar Ilan University, Israel.
•Dr. Iman A. Hamdy Editor, Adjunct Assistant Professor, Political Science Department, The American University in Cairo, Egypt.
•Dr. Hakim Ajhar, Assistant Professor, Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Khalifa University, United Arab Emirates.
•Dr. Zeynep Akture, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Izmir Institute of Technology, Turkey.
•Dr. Claudia Cardoso, Assistant Professor, Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave, Portugal.
•Dr. Değer Eryar, Assistant Professor, İzmir University of Economics. Turkey.
•Dr. José António Filipe, Assistant Professor, ISCTE – Instituto Universitário de Lisboa, Portugal.
•Dr. Aijaz Ashraf Wani, Senior Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University of Kashmir, India.
•Dr. Tiago Gonçalves, Assistant Professor, University of Lisbon, Portugal.
•Dr. Methiye Gul Coteli, Assistant Professor, Department of City and Regional Planning, Erciyes University, Turkey.
•Dr. Enver Gulseven, Assistant Professor, Girne American University, Turkey.
•Dr. Fatma Gürses, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Faculty of Communication, Journalism Kastamonu University, Turkey.
•Dr. Soraya Hidalgo-Gallego, Assistant Professor, University of Cantabria, Spain.
•Dr. Jülide Karakoç, Associate Professor, Altinbas University, Istanbul, Turkey.
•Dr. Levent Kirval, Assistant Professor, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey.
•Dr. Nihan Akincilar Koseoglu, Assistant Professor, Fenerbahce University, Turkey.
•Dr. Ajeet Jaiswal, Assistant Professor, Pondicherry University, India.
•Dr. Iris Loncar, Assistant Professor, University of Dubrovnik, Croatia.
•Dr. Ana Martins, Assistant Professor, University of Algarve, Portugal.
•Dr. Paulo Mourao, Assistant Professor, University of Minho, Portugal.
•Dr. Gulserim Ozcan, Assistant Professor, Atilim University, Turkey.
•Dr. Sara Petroccia, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, eCAMPUS University, Italy.
•Dr. Irena Rajchinovska Pandeva, Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, University Ss. Cyril and Methodius, North Macedonia.
•Dr. Fateh Rahmani, Assistant Professor, University of Kurdistan, Kurdistan.
•Dr. Elias Soukiazis, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics of the University of Coimbra, Portugal.
•Dr. Ilkay Sudas, Assistant Professor, Department of Geography, Ege University, Turkey.
•Dr. Josipa Visic, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Economics, University of Split, Croatia.
•Dr. Jonathan Needham, Associate Teaching Professor, Penn State University-Abington College, USA.
•Dr. Basil A. Akuegwu, Lecturer, Department of Educational Administration and Planning, University of Calabar, Nigeria.
•Dr. Emre Baysoy, Lecturer, Namik Kemal University, Turkey.
•Dr. Adina Dudau, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, University of Glasgow, U.K.
•Dr. Khaled Elbeydi, Lecturer, Univerity of Tripoli, Lebanon.
•Dr. Anastasia Hasikou, Lecturer, ARTE Music Academy, Cyprus.
•Dr. Tevfik Yalım Eralp, Lecturer, Kültür University, Turkey.
•Dr. Susan Stewart, Professor, Western Illinois University, USA.
Dr. Ibrahim El-Hussari, Academic Members, ATINER & Professor, Lebanese American University, Lebanon.
•Dr. Ibrahim A. Onour, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, School of Management Studies, University of Khartoum, Sudan.
•Dr. Dragos C. Mateescu, Lecturer, Faculty of Business, Izmir University of Economics, Turkey.
•Dr. Ercan Kacmaz, Lecturer, Nevsehir Hacı Bektas Veli University, Turkey.
•Dr. Chang Qizhong, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, National University of Singapore, Singapore
•Dr. Antonio Daniel Juan Rubio, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, Polytechnic University of Cartagena, Spain.
•Dr. Doaa Sayed Abdel Azim, Lecturer of English Literature, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts, Egypt.
•Dr. Eleni Tracada, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, College of Engineering and Technology, University of Derby, UK.
Dr. Sara E. Gil-Ramos, Academic Member, ATINER & Adjunct Professor, History Department, New Jersey City University, USA.
Dr. Hafsa Afailal, Researcher, UNESCO Chair for Intercultural Dialogue in the Mediterranean, Rovira i Virgili University, Spain.
Dr. Carmen Alexandrache, Associate Professor, University of Galati, Romania.
Dr. Ngambouk Vitalis Pemunta, Lecturer, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
•Dr. Samodelkin Yakov Aleksandrovich, Lecturer, Urals State of Agrarian University, Russia.
•Dr. Nicholas Rossis, Academic Member, ATINER, Research Associate, Inter Alia & Institute of International Economic Relations, Greece & British Ministry of Defence, UK.
•Dr. Zoran Aralica, Senior Research Fellow, The Institute of Economics, University of Zagreb, Croatia.
•Dr. Sofia Gaspar, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Lisbon University Institute, Portugal.
•Dr. Jonathan Hill, Reader in Postcolonialism and the Maghreb, King's College London, Associate Staff Member, Institute of Middle Eastern Studies, King's College London & Visiting Fellow, Middle East Centre, London School of Economics and Political Science, U.K.
•Dr. Monica Sater, Postdoctoral Researcher, Interactive Studio Uppsala, Sweden.
•Dr. Sarmishtha Bhattacharya Dutta, Guest Lecturer, University of Calcutta, India.
•Dr. Tanveer H. Naqvi, Deputy University Librarian & Adjunct Assistant Professor, Fiji National University, Fiji.
Dr. Rachel Boveja, Associate Instructor, Indiana University, USA.
Dr. Ana Cristina Almeida, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, University of Coimbra- Faculty of Psychology and Education Sciences, Portugal.
•Dr. Cristóbal Mendoza, Human Geographer, Department of Sociology, Metropolitan Autonomous University (UAM), Mexico.
•Dr. Nimai Chand Saha, Deputy Librarian, Central LibraryVisva-Bharati, India.
•Dr. Joseph Helou, Academic Member, ATINER & Instructor of Political Science, Lebanese American University, Lebanon.
•Dr. Cristina Lincaru, Academic Member, ATINER & Researcher, National Scientific Research Institute for Labor and Social Protection-INCSMPS, Romania.
•Dr. Utku Özer, Research Fellow, ATINER.
•Dr Kerry Bolton, Academic Member, ATINER & Writer, History Department, World Institute for Scientific Exploration/Academy of Social & Political Research/Portuguese Higher Institute for the Study of Geopolitics & Auxiliary Sciences, New Zealand.
•Dr. Lamis El Muhtaseb, Post-Doctoral Fellow, School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, USA.
•Dr. Yossef Ben-Meir, President, High Atlas Foundation, Morocco.
•Dr. Mihai Barsan, Assistant Researcher and PhD Candidate, Institute of Political Science and International Relations, University of Bucharest, Romania.
•Dr. John Vella, Consultant, University of Malta, Malta.
•Ms. Züleyha Sara Belge, Academic Member, ATINER & Researcher, Centre for Mediterranean Urban Studies, Mersin University, Turkey.
•Mr. Ahmad Abdel-Had, PhD Candidate, Durham University, UK.
•Ms. Zinovia Foka, PhD Candidate, Institute for European Urbanism, Bauhaus University Weimar, Germany.
•Ms. Fairouz Abdullah Megdiche, Architect & Landscaper, PhD Candidate, ISA Chott-Meriem- University of Sousse, Tunisia, & Lecturer, Design Department, College of Applied sciences- Nizwa, Oman.
•Ms. Sabnam Ghosh, PhD Student & Teaching Assistant, University of Georgia, USA.
•Dr. Dominique Macabies, Teacher of Business and Economics English, Université Grenoble Alpes, France.
•Dr. Mihai Barsan, Assistant Researcher and PhD Candidate, Institute of Political Science and International Relations, University of Bucharest, Romania.
•Dr. Ali Gokhan Yucel, Research Assistant, Erciyes University, Turkey.
•Dr. Ankur Bist, Scientist, Towards Blockchain, India.
•Mr. Tugcan Durmuslar, Research Assistant, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey.
•Ms Alice Massari, PhD Student in Political Science, European Politics and International Relations, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Italy.
•Mr. Gian Lorenzo Zichi, Academic Member, ATINER & Phd Candidate, Department of Social and Political Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy.
•Ms. Kristina Zábrodská, PhD Student, Institute of Communication Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic.
•Ms. Sneh Lata Sharma, Senior Manager, TATA Consultancy Services, India.
Vice President of Publications: Dr Zoe Boutsioli
General Managing Editor of all ATINER's Publications: Ms. Afrodete Papanikou
ICT Managing Editor of all ATINER's Publications: Mr. Kostas Spyropoulos
Managing Editor of this Journal: Ms Fani Balaska (bio)
Publications Assistant: Ms. Iana Nebunu (bio)