Athens Journal of
Humanities & Arts
Editorial and Reviewers’ Board

Editor
Dr. Stephen Andrew Arbury, Head, Arts & Culture Research Unit, ATINER, Professor of Art History & Director of the RU Art Museum, Radford University, USA.
Editorial & Reviewers' Board
• Dr. Nicholas Pappas, Honorary President, ATINER & Professor of History, Sam Houston University, USA.
• Dr. David Philip Wick, Director, Arts and Humanities Research Division, Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER) & Professor of History, Gordon College, USA.
• Dr. Jayoung Che, Head, History Research Unit, Athens Institute for Education and Research (ATINER) & Research Professor of History, Institute for the Mediterranean Studies, Pusan University of Foreign Studies, Republic of Korea.
• Mr. Benjamin Lewis, Founding Director, The Philology Institute, Wilmore, USA.
• Dr. Corinne Ness, Dean, Division of Arts and Humanities & Associate Professor of Voice, Director of Music Theatre, Carthage College, USA.
• Dr. Tatiana Tsakiropoulou-Summers, Director, Athens Center for Classical & Byzantine Studies (ACCBS) & Director, UA in Greece, Summer Abroad Program, Department of Modern Languages & Classics, The, University of Alabama, USA.
• Dr. Marié-Heleen Coetzee, Head, Drama Department, & Chair of the Arts Cluster, University of Pretoria, South Africa.
• Dr. Victoria Tuzlukova, Head of Professional Development and Research Unit, Language Centre, Sultan Qaboos University, Sultanate of Oman.
• Dr. Ariel T. Gutierrez, Academic Member, ATINER & Chair, Social Sciences Department and Music, Arts, Physical Education & Health Education Dept., Angeles University Foundation-Integrated School, Philippines.
• Dr. Michael Paraskos, Academic Member, ATINER & Provost, Cornaro Institute, Cyprus.
• Dr. Aieman Ahmad AL-OMARI, Professor - Ph.D. Higher Education Administration, Hashemite University, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Educational Foundations and Administration, Jordan.
• Dr. Poonam Bala, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Amity University, India.
• Dr. Mounis Bekhadra, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, University of Tlemcen, Algeria.
• Dr. Jean M. Borgatti, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Department of Fine and Applied Arts, University of Benin, Nigeria.
• Dr. Rachana Chakraborty, Professor, University of Calcutta, India.
• Dr. B. Glenn Chandler, Professor of Music Theory and Fellow to the Effie Marie Cain Regents Chair in Fine Arts Sarah and Ernest Butler School of Music, The University of Texas at Austin, USA.
• Dr. Christine Condaris, Academic Member ATINER and Chairperson & Professor, Department of Fine & Performing Arts, Massachusetts College of Liberal Arts, USA.
• Dr. Michael Devine, Founder/Director, Centre for Alternative Theatre Training (CATT) & Full Professor, Acadia University, Department of English & Theatre, Canada.
• Dr. Yukihide Endo, Professor Emeritus in English, Department of General Education, School of Medicine, Hamamatsu University, Japan.
• Dr. Galina Bakhtiarova, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor of Spanish, Department of World Languages and Literature, Western Connecticut State University, USA.
• Dr. Rodrigo Gouvea, Professor of Philosophy, Federal University of São João del-Rei, Brazil.
• Dr. Hank Hehmsoth, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Texas State University- School of Music, USA.
• Dr. Christine James, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Valdosta State University, USA.
• Ms. Jill Journeaux, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor of Fine Arts Education, Coventry University, UK.
• Dr. Bogdan Ataullah Kopanski, Professor, International Islamic University, Malaysia.
• Dr. Irena Kossowska, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor of Art History, Polish Academy of Sciences, Copernicus University in Torun, Poland.
• Dr. James L. Lawton, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Michigan State University, USA.
• Dr. Margarita Lianou, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, University of York, UK.
• Dr. Henrique Marins de Carvalho, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Federal Institute of Science, Education and Technology of Sao Paulo, Brazil.
• Dr. Angela M. Michelis, Philosophy and History Teacher in High School in Italy, PhD (University of Turin), National Italian Title of Professor in Moral Philosophy of II level‎ (associated), Italy.
• Dr. Christopher Mitchell, Professor of Theatre Arts, Eastern Illinois University, USA.
• Dr. Anabela Moura, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Instituto Politécnico de Viana do Castelo, Portugal.
• Dr. Mechthild Nagel, Professor, SUNY Cortland, USA.
• Dr. William O'Meara, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Department of Philosophy and Religion, James Madison University, USA.
• Dr. Katherine Pendakis, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, King's University College, University of Western Ontario, Canada.
• Dr. Eloise Philpot, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor of Art, Radford University, USA.
• Dr. Alexandria Pierce, Professor, Art History, Savannah College of Art and Design, USA.
• Dr. Laura Virginia Radetich, Professor of History, Faculty of Philosophy and Literature, University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
Dr. Giovanna Daverio Rocchi, Full Professor of Greek History, Department of Historical Studies, Faculty of Humanities, University of Milan, Italy
• Dr. Luiz Paulo Rouanet, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Department of Philosophy and Methods, Federal University of Sao Joao del-Rei, Brazil.
• Dr. Nancy Lee Ryuter, Dance Historian, Teacher, and Choreographer, & Retired Professor of Dance, Claire Trevor School of the Arts, University of California, Irvine, USA.
• Dr. Elia Saneleuterio, Professor, University of Valencia, Spain.
• Dr. Gleisson R. Schmidt, Professor of Philosophy, Universidade Tecnológica Federal do Paraná, Brazil.
• Dr. Nicholas D. Smith, James F. Miller Professor of Humanities, Lewis and Clark College in Portland, USA.
• Mr. Marco Aurelio da Cruz Souza, Professor & Choreographer, Regional University of Blumenau (FURB), Brasil, and PhD Candidate, Faculty of Human Kinetics (FMH), Technical University of Lisbon, Portugal.
• Dr. Maria Urma, Professor, University of Art "George Enescu", Romania.
• Dr. Bart Vandenabeele, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor of Philosophy (Aesthetics & Philosophy of Art), Ghent University, Belgium.
• Maja Vukadinović, Professor, Higher School of Professional Business Studies, Serbia.
• Dr. Suoqiang Yang, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Chinese Calligraphy Department, Director, Institute for Interdisciplinary Research of Calligraphy Art and Information Technology, Xi’anJiaotong University, China.
• Dr. Panayotis Zamaros, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor, Academic Counsellor, University IFM, Switzerland.
• Dr. John Doerksen, Vice-Provost (Academic Programs & Students), Western University, Canada.
• Dr. Blaine Garfolo, Chair, Academic Advisory Committee for the DBA Program, Northwestern Polytechnic University, USA.
• Dr. Catie Mihalopoulos, Visiting Professor, Department of Enviroment, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona, USA.
• Dr. Emanuela Ilie, Associate Professor, Faculty of Letters, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University of Iaşi, Romania
• Dr. Eglė Jaškūnienė, Associate Professor & Vice-Dean for Science, Faculty of Creative Industries, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Lithuania.
• Dr. Nicoleta Calina, Associate Professor, University of Craiova, Romania.
• Dr. Aldo Dinucci, Doctor in Philosophy & Associate Professor, Federal University of Sergipe, Brazil.
• Dr. Fatma Çelik Kayapinar, Associate Professor, School of Physical Education and Sport, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Turkey.
• Dr. Soubhik Chakraborty, Associate Professor, Department of Applied Mathematics, Birla Institute of Technology, India.
• Dr. Caterina Pizanias, Academic Member, ATINER & Instructor, University of Calgary, Canada.
• Dr. Mariana Cojoc, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Faculty of History & Political Sciences, Ovidius University, Romania.
• Dr. Sarah L. Cole, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Framingham State University, USA.
• Ms. Jenefer Davies, Associate Professor of Dance, Director of the Dance Program, Washington and Lee University, USA.
• Dr. Christopher Dreisbach, Associate Professor, Johns Hopkins University, USA.
• Dr. Michael Eisman, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Temple University, USA.
• Dr. John Freeman, Academic Member, ATINER, Associate Professor & Head of Theatre, Falmouth University, UK.
• Dr. Rebecca Gillan, Associate Professor, (RT) Baton Rouge Community College, USA.
• Dr. Ahmed Ghanem Hafez, Associate Professor, University of Alexandria, Egypt.
• Dr. Sophia Gilmson, Associate Professor of Piano Pedagogy, The University of Texas at Austin, USA.
• Dr.Christian Göbel, Associate Professor of Philosophy, Assumption College, Worcester, USA &Research Associate, The Von Hügel Institute, St. Edmund’s College, University of Cambridge, UK.
• Dr. Ebru Gokdag, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Performing Arts Dept., Anadolu University, Turkey.
• Dr. Samar Mostafa Kamal, Associate Professor, Tourist Guidance Department, Faculty of Tourism & Hotels, Minia University, Egypt.
• Dr. Yuemin Hou, Academic MEmber, ATINER & Associate Professor, Institute of Design Engineering, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tsinghua University, China.
• Dr. Michele Kahn, Associate Professor of Multicultural Education, Studies in Language and Culture, University of Houston-Clear Lake, USA.
• Dr. Douglas J. King, Associate Professor, Gannon University, Department of English, USA.
• Dr. Simonetta Milli Konewko, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Department of French, Italian, and Comparative Literature, University of Wisconsin Milwaukee, USA.
• Dr. James Latten, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor of Music & Director of Instrumental Music, Juniata College, USA.
• Dr. Gina Marie Lewis, Associate Professor, Art Coordinator, Studio Art, Department of Fine and Performing Arts, Bowie State University USA.
• Dr. Maureen O’Brien, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, St. Cloud State University, USA.
• Dr. Margo Apostolos, Academic Member, ATINER, Associate Professor, USC Kaufman School of Dance, & Co-Director, Cedars-Sinai, USC Glorya Kaufman Dance Medicine Center, University of Southern California, USA.
• Dr. Laura Osterweis, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Communication Arts Department, Framingham State University, USA.
• Dr. Georgeta Rata, Associate Professor, B.U.A.S.V.M. Timisoara, Romania.
• Dr. Barbara Sicherl Kafol, Associate Professor of Music Didactis & Chair of Music, Faculty of Education, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia.
• Dr. Emily Shu-Hui Tsai, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan.
• Dr. Nisha Bala Tyagi, Associate Professor, Delhi University, India.
• Dr. Laura Wayth, Associate Professor of Theatre, School of Theatre and Dance, San Francisco State University, USA.
• Dr. Sander Wilkens, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Profesor, Berlin University of Technology, Germany.
• Dr. Baruch Whitehead, Academic Member, ATINER & Associate Professor, Ithaca College School of Music, USA.
• Dr. RajyaShree Yadav, Associate Professor, Goverment R.D. Girls College, India.
• Dr. Barbara Botter, Academic Member, ATINER & Adjunct Professor, Federal University of Espírito Santo (UFES) – Vitória, Brazil.
• Dr. Fatima Susana Mota Roboredo Amante, Invited Adjunct- Professor, Higher School of Education of Viseu, Portugal.
• Dr. Damian Islas, Invited Profesor, University of Toronto, Canada.
• Dr. Athena Rebecca Axiomakaros, Assistant Professor, Art History, State University of New York - Nassau Community College, USA.
• Dr. Ewa Bobrowska, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Arts, Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw, Poland.
• Dr. Tugba Celik, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Nigde University, Turkey
• Dr. Kathleen Downs, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor of Theatre & Drama, American University of Kuwait, Kuwait.
• Dr. Chrysoula Gitsoulis, Academic Member, ATINER & Adjunct Assistant Professor, City College, City University of New York, USA.
• Dr. Sinem Elkatip Hatipoğlu, Assistant Professor, Department of Philosophy, Istanbul Sehir University, Turkey.
• Ms. Alma Hoffmann, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, University of South Alabama, USA.
• Dr. Michael James Matthis, Professor & Director of Philosophy Dept. of English & Modern Languages, Lamar University, USA.
• Dr. Vassiliki Kotini, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Zayed University, UAE.
• Dr. Jamshid Malekpour, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Mass Communications, Gulf University for Science and Technology, Kuwait.
• Dr. Lejla Music, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Faculty of Political Sciences, University of Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
• Dr. Esra Cagri Mutlu, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Yuzuncu Yil University. Turkey.
• Dr. Sri Ram Pandeya, Assistant Professor, Ramjas College, University of Delhi, India.
• Dr. Anne Peterson, Assistant Professor, University of Utah, USA.
• Dr. Hany Sallam, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Theater Department, Faculty of Arts, Alexandria University, & General Director, National Center for Theater, Ministry of Culture, Cairo, Egypt.
• Dr. Mahdi Shafieyan, Assistant Professor of English Literature & Islamic Hermeneutics, Imam Sadiq University, Tehran, Iran.
• Dr. Abbasuddin Tapadar, Academic Member, ATINER & Assistant Professor, Department of English, University of Delhi, India.
• Dr. Mostafa Younesie, Assistant Professor, Tarbiat Modares University, Iran.
• Dr. Deborah S. Nash, Full-Time Philosophy Teacher, Marquette University, USA.
• Mr. Nick Higgett, Principal Lecturer, Digital Design & Programme Leader, MA Digital Design, De Montfort University, Leicester, UK.
• Dr. Bianca Predoi, Academic Member, ATINER and Architect & Associate Lecturer, Ion Mincu University of Architecture & Urbanism, Romania.
• Dr. Eric Francis Eshun, Senior Lecturer, Department of Communication Design, Faculty of Art, College of Art & Built Environment, Kwame Nkrumah Unversity of Science & Tech., Kumasi, Ghana.
• Dr. Mike Fox, Senior Lecturer, Limerick School of Art and Design, Ireland.
• Ms. Georgina Gregory, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, University of Central Lancashire, UK.
• Dr. Siu-lun Lee, 李兆麟, Head of Academic Activities Division & Senior Lecturer, Yale-China Chinese Language Center, Chinese University of Hong Kong, China.
• Ms. Lillian Nave Goudas, Academic Member, ATINER & Senior Lecturer, University College, Appalachian State University, USA.
• Dr. Angela McCarthy, Senior Lecturer in Theology, University of Notre Dame Australia, Australia.
• Dr. Joseph Naimo, Senior Lecturer, School of Philosophy and Theology, University of Notre Dame Australia, Australia.
• Dr. Ebunoluwa Olufemi Oduwole, Academic Member, ATINER & Senior Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Nigeria.
• Dr. Daphne Vidanec, Senior Lecturer, Baltazar University of Applied Sciences, Croatia.
Dr. Doaa Sayed Abdel Azim, Lecturer of English Literature, Faculty of Languages, October University for Modern Sciences and Arts (MSA), Cairo, Egypt.
• Dr. Tsarina Doyle, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, National University of Ireland- Galway, Ireland.
• Dr. Michail Mersinis, Lecturer of Fine Art Photography, the Glasgow School of Art, UK.
• Dr. Orel Beilinson, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, Harari College Worldwide, USA.
• Dr. Jonas Ciurlionis, Lecturer, Vilniaus University, Lithuania.
• Dr. Nursilah, Lecturer, Department of Dance, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Indonesia.
• Dr. Oseni Taiwo Afisi, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Arts, Lagos State University, Nigeria.
• Dr. Edeh Peter Daniel, Lecturer 1, Department of Philosophy, University of Abuja, Nigeria.
• Dr. Ogunbiyi Olatunde Oyewole, Lecturer, Department of Religions, University of Ilorin, Nigeria.
• Dr. Declan Patrick, Lecturer, Liverpool Hope University, UK.
• Dr. Nur Silah, Lecturer, Dance Department, Negeri Jakarta University, Indonesia.
• Dr. Stephen Steinberg, Lecturer, University of Pensylavia, USA.
• Dr. Ensa Touray, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, University of the Gambia, Gambia.
• Dr. Margherita Dore, Adjunct Lecturer in English (Translation Studies), Department of European, American and Intercultural Studies, University of Rome “La Sapienza”, Italy.
• Dr. Eleni Tracada, Academic Member, ATINER & University Principal Tutor in Built Environment, Faculty of Art, Design & Technology, College of Engineering & Technology, University of Derby, U.K.
• Dr. Yakup Mohd Rafee, Coordinator, Fine Arts Program, Faculty of Applied and Creative Arts, University Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), Malaysia.
• Dr. Tanja Tolar, Senior Teaching Fellow, School of Oriental and
African Studies (SOAS), London, UK.
• Dr. Susana Furphy, Honorary Research Fellow, The University of Queensland, Australia.
• Dr. Alessandra Melas, Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Department of History, Human Sciences and Education, University of Sassari, Italy.
• Dr. Douglas Lucas Kivoi, Researcher/Policy Analyst, the Kenya Institute for Public Policy and Research Analysis (KIPPRA), Kenya.
• Dr. Margot Neger, Academic Member, ATINER & Postdoctoral Researcher, University of Salzburg, Austria.
• Dr. Sabitha.S.R.Najeeb, M.Phil, Ph.D., University of Dammam, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
• Dr. Nasrin Daftarchi, Ph.D. of French Literature, Iran.
• Dr. Pritika Nehra, Academic Member, ATINER & Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Humanities& Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, India.
• Mr. Richard Finn, Academic Member, ATINER & Program Director, Stage and Screen Arts, Whitireia NZ, New Zealand.
• Dr. Arunima Roychoudhuri, Research Scholar, University of Kalyani, India.
• Dr. Christina Papagiannouli, Academic Member, ATINER & Research Assistant, University of South Wales, UK.
• ATINER & Research Associate, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay (IIT Bombay), India.
• Dr. Rossana Raviola, Department of Humanities, Philosophy Section, University of Pavia, Italy.
• Mr. Hugh O'Gorman, Academic Member, ATINER & Professor and Head, California State University, Long Beach, USA.
• Ms. Viviana Soler, Academic Member, ATINER & Research Professional, National Research Council (CONICET) & Sur National University (UNS), Argentina.
• Ms. Subha Marimuthu, Academic Member, ATINER & Research Scholar, Bharathi Women’s College, India
• Ms. Arunima Roychoudhuri, Academic Member, ATINER & Full Time Research Scholar, University of Kalyani, India.
• Dr. Inma Garín, University of Valencia, Spain.
• Dr. Manoranjan Mallick, Academic Member, ATINER & Lecturer, Post-Graduate Department of Philosophy, Utkal University, India.
• Dr. Christina Banalopoulou, PhD Student, University of Maryland, USA.
• Dr. Julijana Zhabeva-Papazova, Academic Member, ATINER & Musicologist/Independent Scholar, FYROM.
• Dr. Pablo Villavicencio, PhD in Communication and Semiotics, University PUC-SP (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo), Brazil.
• Mr Mathodi Freddie Motsamayi, PhD Candidate/Researcher, Centre for Visual Art, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
• Mrs. Danielle K. Garrison, MFA Dance Candidate-Aerial Dance Track, University of Colorado-Boulder, Aerialist, Dancer, Choreographer and Teacher, Artistic Director and Founder/DKG Dance, Director of the Student Company and Performer/Frequent Flyers Productions, Inc., Teaching Artist/Colorado Ballet, USA.
• Ms Sandra Philip, Academic Member, ATINER, PhD Candidate & Associate Lecturer, Edge Hill University, UK.
• Ms. Christine Staudinger, Academic Member, ATINER & PhD Candidate, University of Vienna, Austria.
• Ms. Raluca-Eugenia Iliou, Academic Member, ATINER & Doctoral Research Fellow, Brunel University, UK.
• Mrs. Aleksandra Tryniecka, PhD Student, Maria Curie-Skłodowska University, Poland & Research Fellow, ATINER, Greece.
• Ms. Stephanie Rennick, Teaching Assistant, University of Glasgow, UK.
• Mrs. Tiffany Pounds-Williams, Academic Member, ATINER & Tufts University, USA.
• Mr. Mark Konewko, Academic Member, ATINER & Director of Chorus, Marquette University, USA.